The National and Local Joint Engineering Research Center for biomass resource utilization
Approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, the National and Local Joint Engineering Research Center for biomass resource utilization (national level) led by Nankai University was established on February 1, 2019. In order to implement the strategic requirements of innovation-driven development, the center makes use of the scientific research advantages from Nankai University, gathers the research forces of various parties, conducts research on the utilization of urban and rural biomass solid waste resources, and forms a series of innovative achievements; promotes industrial technological progress and structural adjustment through technological innovation , serving the local modernization construction and enhancing the competitiveness of regional development; completing other work of the higher-level departments such as the National Development and Reform Commission.
The National and Local Joint Engineering Research Center for biomass resource utilization (Nankai University) attaches great importance to scientific research and production-university-research cooperation in the utilization of biomass resources, solid waste pollution and prevention, biomass solid waste recycling, solid waste composition analysis, environmental microorganism technology, biomass refining, biomass energy, soil remediation and improvement, and circular economy have formed distinct characteristics, meanwhile a number of high-level research results have been achieved. The results in some fields have approached or reached the international similar research level, won many awards such as the Tianjin Science and Technology Progress Award, and published hundreds of papers in major academic journals. Applied / obtained more than 50 projects at provincial and ministerial level and above, and more than 100 enterprise cooperation projects. The center has 50 scientific researchers, including 10 professors, 15 associate professors, 35 doctors and 15 masters. The center has modern large-scale analytical instruments to provide a solid guarantee for the smooth progress of scientific research and analysis.
The Engineering Research Center has achieved a number of research achievements in the direction of biomass solid waste resource recovery, forming a scientific research group and a team with excellent young and middle-aged academic backbone as the main body, combining the elderly, the middle-aged and the young, with reasonable structure, rich experience, rigorous academic style and team spirit. The staff of the center published a total of 150 journal papers in the past five years, including 120 SCI papers (cited more than 1067 times); published 10 monographs and translations; applied for 128 national patent technologies (117 invention patents), including 60 national patents item. Has won the first prize of Tianjin Science and Technology Progress Award in 2019, the second prize of Tianjin Science and Technology Progress Award in 2017, the first prize of 2017 China Industry-University-Research Cooperation Innovation Achievement, 2016 China Patent Excellence Award, 2015 Tianjin Patent Gold Award, 2014 Golden Bridge Award of China Technology Market, Tianjin Science and Technology Progress First Prize in 2013, Tianjin Science and Technology Progress Second Prize in 2012, Tianjin Science and Technology Progress Third Prize in 2010.
The key R & D directions of the Engineering Research Center are as follows:
(1) Biomass solid waste green fermentation technology research and development center
Focusing on the changes of microbial community and material structure during biomass fermentation, from the analysis and function optimization of microbial community in the process of biotransformation, the biotransformation laws of refractory and emerging pollutants and the regulation of degradation enzyme activity, the risk assessment of different biotransformation models carry out research work at three levels of the whole process risk management, not only reveal the changes of microbial communities in the process of biomass biotransformation, but also propose a plan for the optimal regulation and control of the flora function and build the first risk evaluation method and process for biomass biotransformation Indicator system.
(2) Bio-carbon-based targeted fertilizer production technology research and development center
Relying on the problems of soil compaction, poor fertility, low crop yield, and easy occurrence of diseases and insect pests, relying on the advantages of bacterial seed banks, research work is carried out on soil moisture, nutrition status, nutrient absorption capacity and cycle of cultivated crops, etc., using biochar as a carrier according to different needs, a biochar-based microbial composite fermented body is constructed. By mobilizing the composition of active bacteria and trace elements, the population advantages of beneficial microorganisms in the soil are improved, and the formation of small-molecule organic matter that is easy for crops to accelerate is accelerated to achieve rapid crop growth and increase yield, so as to greatly improve the utilization efficiency of organic fertilizer.
(3) Biomass refining technology research and development center
Surrounding the changes in the material structure during the conversion of biomass to energy, research work is carried out on the thermal decomposition, catalytic oxidation and reduction, and heat transfer mechanisms of the biomass refining process, focusing on in-situ low-temperature heat treatment of biomass and biomass Researches on chemical technology, biomass high-temperature combustible gas production technology, etc., not only reveal the changes in the material structure of biomass in the heat treatment conversion process at different temperatures, but also propose green technical solutions for biomass reduction and resource recycling.
(4) Biomass production chemical raw material technology research and development center
Based on biomass material structure in the process of transformation of resource, high value change rule, extracted from biomass conversion process of catalytic hydrolysis, isomerization, catalytic oxidation and so on to carry out the research, carried out in extraction/hemicellulose and cellulose fiber separation technology research, cellulose derivatives synthesis, chemical synthesis, biomass energy research platform, not only reveal the biomass structure change rule, in the process of transformation of high value will also be put forward green regulation and efficient conversion of green technology solutions.
(5) Biomass utilization intelligent equipment technology research and development center
Around the wisdom city construction in the process of low carbon, green, recycling targets, key development wisdom city waste integrated management system, city renewable resources information system of reverse logistics, the wisdom, big city mine internet of things and data statistics analysis system, based on the theory of material flow/energy flow analysis, combined with the feature of urban material flow/energy flow, relying on artificial intelligence technology can establish material flow/energy flow data fetching method, establishing database of intelligent material flow/energy flow, using data mining and artificial intelligence technology to get a comprehensive evaluation of biomass resource utilization.